The Book of Governors
Of Rabban Mar Shubhal-Isho
O our brother[Abhd-Isho], let also this discourse, which is the fifth of
the books of this our history, be received upon the table of the hearing
of thy understanding, for by the glorious entreaty of thy electness my
feeble tongue hath run, and will further run, upon the excellent matters
of the histories of holy men, those athletes of might and warriors of strength,
who did battle with the body and the passions thereof and with rebellious
devils, and who bound on the crown of victory and overcame, and were crowned
in the spiritual contest of their lives which pleased God.
And we will place at the beginning of all those histories which our speech
is about to unfold the account of the victorious deeds of the ascetic priest,
and victorious martyr, the blessed Rabban Mar Shubhal-Isho, the Metropolitan
Bishop; and to it we will add that of the pious and holy men who followed
in his footsteps throughout the land in which he taught, Mar Yahbhlaha
and Kardagh his brother, as well as that of the blessed Bishop Mar Elijah,
the men who were ordained by the pious Mar Timothy, the (Nestorian) Catholicus
and Patriarch (778-820), for the countries of the barbarians who were remote
from all understanding and a decent manner of life, and to whose part of
the world no " preacher a planter of the truth had ever gone, and where
the doctrine of the glad tidings of our Redeemer had never been proclaimed.
But why should I speak of the [knowledge] of Christ our Lord only for they
had not even received the knowledge of God, the Creator of the worlds and
their Governor, like the Jews and other nations, but they offered, and
behold they [still] offer, worship to trees, graven images of wood, four-footed
beasts, fishes, reptiles, birds of prey, and [other] birds, and such like
things, and they bow down to worship fire and the stars and planets.
Mar Yahbh Allaha, and Kardagh and Mar Elijah were the men who preached the doctrine of Christ in those countries of Dailomaye and of Gilaye, (in the mountainous region northeast of the Caspian Sea) and of the other barbarians who live beyond them, and they planted in them the light of the truth of the glad tidings of Our Lord, and plucked out from the simple souls that were there all the abominable thorns and tares of evil deeds which Satan had sown in their hearts. And they taught and baptized, and wrought mighty deeds, and shewed forth wonderful works, and the fame of their acts was carried to all the ends of the East. And thou mayest learn clearly concerning all these things from the letter which certain merchants and king's scribes, who were going in and coming out from those countries for the purposes of trade and the business of the government, wrote to Mar Timothy.
Of the Origin of the Blessed Shubhhal-Isho and of his Coming to the Monastery
The family of the blessed Shubhhal-Isho was descended from the race of
the children of Ishmael, and his city was Herta-dhe-Naman, but his
parents departed from there, and took up their habitation in Hesna Ebhrhya
(Mosul), and according to what I have learned, the blessed man was born
and brought up in that city. And when he had become a young man,
having, by the exceeding care of his parents, been trained in the Holy
Scriptures and instructed in the literature of the Arabic language, which
was their own tongue, his parents departed this temporary life, and he
and one sister, who was younger than he, were left behind. Now their
parents had left them much riches, and this he divided between the two
of them, and to his sister he left the estate and everything that was in
the house, and he took his portion and came to this monastery.
And having served in the monastery and performed the exercises of the monks in a perfect manner according to the command of the fathers, he persuaded the community to give him Beth Habba that he might sow it and give food to the brethren, according to what they should receive from the head of the monastery, from the produce of Beth Ziwa; and according to his wish it was given unto him. And he built a house for the ploughmen (a farm), to the south of this one of today, the site of which is well known, and he bought yokes of oxen, and he hired ploughmen, and lie began to sow and to reap, and to be kind to and to give gifts to the monks of his congregation, and to strangers, and to the poor, like that merchant who traded with Spain with two ships (a famous Egyptian ascetic mentioned by Palladius) and [like] the, blessed Apollonius who lived in Mount Nitria (in Egypt), and like that believing man, the account of whom is written in the history of the blessed Paphnutius, and like one of those two brethren, Paesius and Isaiah, the sons of one merchant, who did not scatter his portion but placed it as an offering to God for the relief of the needy.
And when the blessed man Shubhhal-Isho had laboured in this course of life for many years, and was pleasing Christ by means of His Saints, certain wicked men in this congregation, through the working of Satan, the father of lies, and the hater of the love Christ left to His disciples, rose up craftily against him, like Judas among the twelve disciples, and like the seven tares who were among the three hundred and eighteen Bishops (7 Arian bishops at the Council of Nicaea), and besides these, like the disciples who were from among the people who were jealous of Paul, and of his teaching, and others who were among the companies of the saints, and they were envious of that love of love which filled his holy and believing soul. First of all they began to make measures which were greater and fuller than those which were in current use everywhere among the merchants, now this he endured cheerfully, but finally they began to make him hear cruel words, saying, "Let our grain lands alone, and depart." And having sown much seed in the past year, and the harvest being near, certain sinful men and evil-doers, when no one perceived, devised an artful plot to slay that holy man, having forgotten all the good deeds which he had done unto them. [The words], "They rewarded me evil for good, and hatred instead of love," (Psalm 35:12) and again, "The eater of my bread upon whom I trusted greatly, hath acted craftily against Me," (Psalm 41:9) were fulfilled in very deed in the matter of that holy man. But since our Lord God willed that those evil men should not be partakers in that innocent blood, His graciousness did not in any wise allow that man to be alienated from His household. And moreover, he that feareth the Lord, even though it be but a little, and would dare to commit some evil act, the holy angel which cleaveth to him alloweth not that evil act to be wrought successfully as he would wish, but he extinguisheth and hindereth and confoundeth the manner of his work, even as he wrought in the case of that blessed man who saw in the country [of Egypt] the daughter of a priest of idols, and by the agency of the Evil One he lusted after her. And when he asked her from her father, he promised to give him to her, but after he had denied God, and the garb with which he was clothed, and his baptism, the holy angel which clave to him compelled the Satan who dwelt in the idol, and he returned answer to the priest, saying, "Thou shalt not give him thy daughter, for God is with him, and He aideth him." Now therefore in this manner did that merciful Lord act, Who beareth with all our obstinacy, Who endureth our wickednesses, and Who doeth good unto us, until in the righteous judgment which is to come He will reward us according to our deeds with a measure pressed down and running over.
Now Rabban Isho-yahbh the Long, from whom I have received much material for these histories, told me, saying: "When I was serving in the monastery, I was sent secretly by the monks who held the affairs of the community in their hands, saying, 'Go to Rabban Shubhhal-Isho at Beth Habba, and inform him, saying, If thou dost not save thyself by flight this night
thou wilt certainly be slain by the assiduity of such and such persons, who have taken themselves out of everything which is seemly for the sake of thy destruction.'" And that truthful old man (Rabban Isho-yahbh) swore to me, saying, "When I had told him those things, he began to weep bitterly; and he answered and said, 'Am I worthy of the reward of being a participator in the sufferings of Christ? This day hath it been pointed out to me that the labours of my loving-kindness have reached unto heaven before God for an everlasting memorial. I entered Beth Abhe with earthly riches, and I have spent them at the word of the mouth of Christ, according to His command, and this day I shall go forth from it without even a wallet." And Isho-yahbh the old man said, "When I saw that I was obliged to make him set out on the road to flee to the city (Mosul) without bread, and without a wallet, inasmuch as he had nothing with him except his tunic and his cloak, I gave him my own wallet, and I put inside it three loaves of bread, and he departed; and he went down to the pious Mar Timothy the Catholicus, and informed him what had been done to him."
Of the Punishment which this Monastery justly Received for the Persecution of the Holy Shubhhal-Isho
If now earthly judges should do unto those who work wickedness according
to what the sword of justice which they hold demandeth, and should
award good things to good men, this would be according to the testimony
of the scribe of the Spirit, the blessed Paul, who saith, "How just then
and righteous is our good God! for He chastiseth and punisheth, and judgeth,
and correcteth in such wise that we may not become altogether without perception
of sin, having trodden down conscience and cast out from our minds the
[retribution of] justice which is to come." Now when [those men]
thought that they had slain the righteous man, and they would inherit his
labour, and were making ready to go out and reap the fields which they
had not sown, and to gather in that which they had not scattered, the Lord
brought up against them only, a huge cloud of locusts, which devoured all
the crops of Beth Habba, and which did not leave them a remnant; and year
after year God sent this punishment upon them because it was as if the
innocent blood of that innocent man had been shed by them by murder.
And if God would judge a man for his readiness of intention, and would
take vengeance upon him for what he wished to do, and would punish him
according to His word, "He that looketh upon a woman to desire her, hath
already committed adultery with her in his heart, and is already accounted
an adulterer" (Matt.5:28), how much more would He do so in this case?
And although murder is an abominable thing, and ten thousand evil punishments
are reserved for those who commit it, yet those men were prepared
to slay him if an opportunity for doing so had come into their hands, and
they were therefore, strictly speaking, murderers and men guilty of the
blood of that holy man.
Now when, according to their custom, the monks of this monastery were going down to the blessed Timothy the Catholicus that he might give them help, -- for he loved this monastery greatly, and honoured it with many gifts, because it was here pointed out to him that he should become Catholicus -- he asked how they and their crops did. And they made answer to him, saying, "They are going on poorly and. badly, for behold, for some years [past] the locusts have eaten up our crops in particular and those of no one else." The blessed man said to them, "My sons, the locusts which devour the fields, and those which eat up the hidden fruits of your souls, shall not be scraped away from you, because ye were the cause of the persecution and driving away of the holy Mar Shubhhal-Isho from among you. For our Lord and His holy angels have testified to me concerning these things which I have learned from old monks in this monastery, and which I have not imagined out of my own mind, but have judged according to that which is said by the holy man, 'If an act of sin which happeneth accidentally is deserving of seventy and sevenfold punishment, how many times seventy and seven shall an act of wilful sin be punished?" Assume, if ye will, that for a man to look upon a woman is an act of accidental sin, but the going out of those wretched men to cominit murder is certainly an act of wilful sin; even so are these things.
Of the Laying on of Hands which the blessed Mar Subhhal-Isho Received to be the Metropolitan of Gilan and Dailom
If now according to the goodness of his master, and according as he is
able, a servant shall endeavour to measure the steps of his course, of
life along the smooth paths of his commandments, and shall arrange everything
concerning himself for the good will and pleasure of his master, he will
be glorified with the glory of his master, and will be made ruler over
all his treasures, for the treasure shall be added unto and increased by
his industrious trafficking, like the man who received five talents and
made them ten, and him that received two and made them into four and both
heard the words, "Well done, good and faithful servants, ye have been faithful
in little, and much shall be entrusted into your hands" (Matt.25:21).
According to the might of every man it is required of him: from him that
hath received much that he should labour much is required, and from him
unto whom little hath been given little [is required]; every man according
to his might, saith our Lord, to Whom be glory. And a certain
holy man testifieth [to this], saying, "One man converteth a mighty people,
and another a small district, and another hath acquired his own soul only;
yet in excellence [all three] are equal."
Now in respect of this man of whom we speak, inasmuch as he was exceedingly able, very much was entrusted into his hand. And when he went down to the holy Mar Timothy, who having learned concerning all his affairs, and seen that he was instructed in the Syriac language and learning, and also in the Arabic and Persian tongues, determined to anoint him with holy oil, and to make him hold the pastoral staff (become a bishop), and to send him as a shepherd and teacher to the barbarian nations who had never received the bridle of the teaching concerning God, and into whose country none of the preachers and evangelists of the kingdom of heaven had gone since the time of the Apostles until the present. And when he advised him to undertake this thing, relying upon the Lord and upon the Divine help which would cleave to him and which would convert those erring nations by his hand, of worship and every impure thing; and he sowed among them the glorious light of the doctrine of the Gospel, the mother of life and peace.
Of the Murder of the Holy Mar Shubhhal-Isho and of the Glorious Testimony of His Crowning (Martyrdom)
If the covenant of our freedom from death, and sin, and Satan was written
with blood on the top of the mount of Golgotha in the body of Jesus,
Who collated it, and signed it and gave it to His disciples, and if they
also sealed their dispensation among all nations -- for Stephen was stoned,
the head of James was cut off, the brains of James the brother of our Lord
were crushed by a blow, Simon [Peter] was crucified, Paul was slain, Bartholomew
was flayed, the side of Thomas was torn open, and Mar Simon, Shahadost
and Barba`shemin, the heads of the throne of the Eastern Church were slain,
and others in all countries it is then a glorious thing for disciples to
be like unto their masters, and to be shepherds slain for the sake of their
flocks, and keepers of treasure stoned for the sake of the sacred things
[under their charge]; and this is what happened also to this person worthy
of all good things, our holy father Mar Shubhhal-Isho.
Now when he had remained in those countries for many years, while God planted and watered and nourished by his hands, like the blessed Paul, he was wishing to come back to the Bethel of his fathers, inasmuch as this work to which he was called was from the Lord, he undertook it with fear and joy. And the day of the consecration of the blessed man was celebrated with the great ceremony which belongeth to a festival full of all joyous things, and all the chief men, among the believers who heard that he had undertaken the conversion of those countries, provided him with much money, and with the necessary clothing, and together with the Divine power and the venerable disciples who accompanied him, he set out for those countries.
Now Mar Abraham, the Catholicus, a holy man in very truth, related to me fully concerning all this matter, and he told me that he made his entrance there with exceeding great splendour, for barbarian nations need to see a little worldly pomp and show to attract them and to make them draw nigh willingly to Christianity. And when he had entered those countries he began to teach and to shew them the true knowledge of his doctrine, and while lie was teaching with these words, Christ our Lord was confirming them by the miracles which he worked, by cleansing the lepers, by healing the sick, by opening the eyes of the blind, by making the lame to walk, by raising the dead, and by making barren women fruitful. For the Divine dispensation is accustomed to shew forth mighty works at the beginning of Divine operations, more particularly in the case of those barbarians who from their earliest times and throughout all their generations had been led captive by evil devils to the worship and service of their corrupt things.
And by the sight of the miracles which our Lord worked by the hands of the blessed man, he taught many cities and thickly peopled districts, and baptized [their inhabitants], and brought them near to the doctrine of Divine life. And he built churches, and established priests and deacons in them, and he set apart some of the brethren who were with him to teach them psalms and spiritual praises, and he himself went further and further into the country, until [he arrived at] the ends of the East in the great teaching which he made among the heathen, and among the Marcionites, and Manichees. His desire was to return to this monastery, and to pay back the gifts of honour due [from him] to the monastery from which he had gone forth, and was esteeming that which had happened [to be] a benefit [to him] as was the selling of Joseph by his brethren and he forsook the fields of the doctrine of life which he had sown, and the churches which he had founded, and the temples which he had established to the Lord, until he could come and worship and return there
But when the Enemy, the hater of all truth, saw that his own doctrine was made a mockery, and that the fire-temples and the fire-altar of his cakes were pulled down, he plotted death against the blessed man by the hands of certain workers of evil, a remnant that remained. And when they saw that he was provided with every thing which befitted the honour of his monastery, and that he began to go forth from thence, they went before him craftily, and sat down in ambush waiting for him, and at a terrible spot on that road they surrounded him, and crowned him with swords. Thus the blessed man departed from [this] laborious life, flowing with the blood of the reproach and disgrace of the Cross, to the greatly desired chambers of Paradise. And certain Christians who had become his disciples, when they had learned [these things], went out to search for him and took his holy body, and according to their power and knowledge, they buried him hastily in a church, and mourned for him greatly; and they gathered together from the men who had murdered him the things which had been made for him, napkins, curtains, and stoles in which the priest administers the sacrament, which they had taken from him, and sent them to Mar Timothy, and some of them were handed on to this monastery. To Christ our Lord, Who made that noble athlete to be victorious, be glory and honour, and praise, and worship, and may His mercy be upon the assembly of His worshippers and friends for ever and ever, Amen, and Amen.
Of Mar Yabhilaha, and of Mar Kardagh his Brother
From the whole circle of the Holy Scriptures we may learn that the piety
of the acts of men's lives which are wrought secretly, and of all the good
qualities of the soul which are perfected spiritually in the hidden man,
is not by any means hidden [on the contrary, for] God... And
He will increase and make to rejoice those of His household in this world,
and He will shew that they are His glorious [subjects] and men united in
concord by the signs and powers of healing which are wrought by them and
by their hands in every kind of way, and will reward them in the kingdom
of heaven by making them to live before His face with everlasting happiness.
And this was what God did among that blessed brotherhood of body and of
spirit, Rabban Yabhilaha and Abba Kardagh his brother, the Metropolitans
of the countries which have before been mentioned in writing.
Now these two blessed men came from Resh Aina, a village of Saphsapha, in this country of Marga, and both became disciples together in this holy monastery. And they excelled in chastity and in all the various kinds of observances which the sublime monastic life demandeth, the keeping of the tongue and of the passions, the evening fast, the watching all night, the prayer for collecting the thoughts, and the keeping pure the dwelling-place of Godhead, even according to the words of the blessed Mark the monk who in these three virtues included the whole ascetic life, namely, "Let a man cleanse his thoughts, let him pray without ceasing, and let him endure those things which shall come [upon him; with these three virtues were these brethren adorned."
Now the old man was younger than his brother, and he was beautiful writer; and Yabhilaha was a book-binder, like the blessed Mar Aha, and his brother. And they were praised by the tongues of all men, according to what the holy Mar Abraham told me, saying, "In the beginning when I came here to be a solitary, I worked in the monastery for the whole of the specified space of three years, and I did not know if Kardagh had ever lifted his eyes or opened them to look upon me; and I thought, concerning him," he was saying to me, "perhaps he is blind. The labours and humility of Rabban Yabhilaha more excellent than [those of] his brother, but in each one of them there was some one thing in which the one was superior to the other."
Now inasmuch as the holy Mar Shubhhal-Isho had finished the course of his testimony, it was necessary that another man should be chosen to succeed him, to go and rear the flocks which had been brought into the fold of life by the care of that holy man. And when Mar Timothy, of pious memory, had urged this [service] upon every man who was able to do this, and there was no one who would undertake the work for God's sake like unto that man, the blessed Mar Catholicus was obliged to send to this monastery for these two blessed brethren, that he might consecrate them bishops, and send them to those countries.
The Choice of the Holy Men to be Sent to Those Countries (Gilan and Dailom)
We must learn and recount that many shepherds have been chosen for all parts of the world from this holy monastery, who, through their splendid triumphs, have appeared in their generations like unto lamps set upon the candlestick the of Church, and we must also learn and recount that this monastery hath been named by the ancients the "house of the priesthood," and the "father of the pillars of the holy Church" by reason of the men who have in all generations gone forth from it, and who have become shepherds set over the flocks of Christ. And they did not only accept established and princely thrones, which were situated in flourishing towns and civilized countries, but also those of the countries which were destitute of all knowledge of Divine things and holy doctrine, and which abounded in sorcery and idolatry and all corrupt and abominable practices, that they might uproot the evil and sow the good, and drive out the darkness of error and make to shine upon them the glorious light of their doctrine, and cast forth the devils who were teachers of all uncleanness. And that this was so we may learn from the blessed Mar Shubhhal-Isho, and from these blessed men who succeeded him, and who because of their labour in other matters of the ascetic life, did not wish to depart.
And Mar Timothy wrote to the monastery here, that the blessed Yabhilaha and Kardagh should go down to him, saying that it was meet for them to preserve and rear the fruits of the teaching of Mar Shubhhal-Isho, like a goodly inheritance handed on from one brother to another, according to what is said, "If the brother of a man die and leave a widow without children, let his brother take his wife and raise up seed to him" -- in this latter case according to the body,
and in the former according to the body, and in the former according to the spirit. So the two went down according to the rule of the Church, and Mar Timothy anointed them both Metropolitans, Kardagh of Gilan and Yahbilaha of the people of Dailom. And when they came up to this monastery to put their affairs in order, there went with them according to what I have learned, fifteen monks who were holy and enlightened men, that they also might be companions with them in the spiritual labour of the Gospel of Christ, and among those men were those who were appointed to be Bishops of the countries beyond Gilan and Dailom.
For I have read the letter of Mar Timothy the Catholicus to Mar Yahbilaha and the letter which was sent by him in answer to the Catholicus (Timothy), saying "Through thy prayers, O our father, by the grace of Christ, many nations have been converted to the belief of the truth, and we want to appoint Bishops over them from among the ascetics who have come with us." And Mar Catholicus wrote to them this, "Inasmuch as the ordination of a Bishop doth not absolutely require [the presence of] three persons, and ye in your country are free from this [regulation], ye have permission [to do so] by the power of the word of our Lord, in which every thing standeth and is directed. Appoint as Bishops whomsoever ye and the pious Kardagh shall choose, and in the place of the third [person who should be present], let the Book of the Gospels be laid on the [episcopal] throne on the right hand; thus by the hand of God perform the ordination of the first Bishop, and let others be appointed by means of [this] third [person]. May the Divine Spirit direct and govern His sanctifications by your means even as He did with the blessed Apostles."
And when the blessed men had received this permission from the Patriarch, they ordained and made Thomas, Zacchaeus, Shem, Ephraim, Simon, Ananias and David, bishops of the countries which had been taught by their hands, through the signs and mighty deeds which had been manifested by them, no one of which, on account of their number and the remoteness of the countries in which they were wrought and completed, have we been able to distinguish clearly how it was worked, or in what village or city, or in whom a healing was performed, or from whom devils and sicknesses were expelled. And I think, if we were to make false or incorrect statements, and to attempt to paint a picture of miracles which were never manifested to us, that this presumption would bring great danger upon him that should write down something with which he was not acquainted. Now the names of those persons among them who were elected and anointed for the episcopacy were handed down to me by venerable old men, but more especially by the holy old man Elisha for they heard concerning them from the mouth of Mar Yahbilaha, who twice came to this holy monastery from Dailom, and paid to the holy monastery of his fathers the honour which he was bound [to give]. Mar Kardagh, however, because he had penetrated far into the countries which were beyond those where his brother was, never came back here.
But now if thou wishest to learn in part concerning the wonderful deeds which took place at their hands, consider in thy mind, that not without cause and simply through words divorced from deeds did those barbarian nations of daring thieves, and plunderers, and worshippers of devils turn from their polluted religions, which were established without the labour of fasting and prayer, and despise the customary acts of the service of hateful things, and bow their necks to the submission of the yoke of fasting and of prayer, of vigil by nights, and of abstinence from every kind of food on the stated fasts and holy festivals. How fitting is it to quote here the words of the holy monk Ammonius, the chosen Bishop in the Church of God, who wrote in one of his letters to his disciples, saying, "For this reason the fathers lived apart in the desert, whether it be Elijah the Tishbite or John (the Baptist). Do not imagine that these men who were righteous among men were able to cultivate righteousness while they lived among men, for they first of all dwelt in great solitude, and thus received the power of God that it might dwell in them, and then, possessing all virtues, God sent them among men to be His stewards, and to heal the sicknesses of men. It was, then, only when all their own sicknesses had been healed, that they were sent, for it is not possible that a soul possessing any defect whatever should be sent among mankind for edification. And I, your father, also say, because I have written these things to you, that I endured a great fight in the desert and in the mountain, and then [only] did I arrive at this condition [of perfection]." Thus far according to the words of the blessed Ammonius.
Now this pair of holy men, having been first of all healed [of their own sicknesses], and having gathered together treasure of the good things of heaven by tranquil solitude and by labours of asceticism in this holy monastery, were then sent forth as apostles by God to the countries of the heathen to make their souls to live. And they became like rays of light from the height of the eminence of their course of life, and the pure lamps of their doctrine were shining brightly, being set not under the bushel and measure of sluggishness, but upon a candlestick, and they lightened all the ends of the East. And like the blessed Apostles in their days, they also taught the erring nations by the piety of their daily life, and by abstinence from every [kind of] food, as the canon of the doctrine of our Lord requireth, Who when His disciples asked Him "Why were we not able to heal him?" said distinctly, "This kind goeth not out except by fasting and by prayer."(Matt.17:21)
And, moreover, the bread which is in those countries is made of rice, for the blessed family of wheat and barley is not found there, and there is nothing except rice and other kinds of dry grain, and this we have learned from the mouth of Mar Yahbilaha, of holy memory, for the old men Henan-Isho and Elisha told me that he said, "As I began my journey to come here, I arrived at the dwelling of the pious Mar Habbibha, the Metropolitan of the city of Rai (about 25 Miles SE of Tehran) and when I had partaken of food and bread made of wheat I became exceedingly sick, because I was accustomed in those countries to a diet of rice-bread." And when these men had laboured in that uncultivated country for many years, and had spread abroad the Gospel of our Lord in those rational countries, and had taught, and converted, and baptized and sanctified many, all of them ended their days there, and [their names] were written down with the first-born, [whose names] are written down in heaven, in the Book of the Kingdom, and happiness is laid up for them with the Prophets, and Apostles, and teachers, and martyrs, by whose prayers may our Lord make priesthood to be at peace with royalty; and may wars be abolished from the ends of the earth, and may our Lord give to the whole world, and especially to His Holy Church, of His hope, and rest and peace from all conflicts, and may we all lift up praise to the Father, and the Son, and the Holy Spirit, for ever, Amen.